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Philippe I, King of France

Male 1052 - 1108  (56 years)


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  • Name Philippe I  
    Suffix King of France 
    Born 1052 
    Gender Male 
    Died 30 Jul 1108 
    Notes 
    • “PHILIPPE de France, son of HENRI I King of France & his third wife Anna Iaroslavna of Kiev (1052-Château de Melun, Seine-et-Marne 30 Jul 1108, bur Abbaye de Saint Benoît-sur-Loire[204]). The Liber Modernorum Regum Francorum names (in order) "Philippum, Hugonem atque Rotbertum" as the three sons of King Henri and Anna. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the birth in 1052 of "rex futurus regis Francorum Henrici filius ex Anna filia Georgii regis Sclavonum". He was coconsecrated associate-king 23 May 1059, at the cathedral of Notre-Dame de Reims. His father entrusted his education to his uncle Baldwin V Count of Flanders, who became regent until 1066/67. He succeeded his father in 1060 as PHILIPPE I King of France. Consecrated 25 Dec 1071 at Laon, again 16 May 1098 at Tours, and for a fourth time 25 Dec 1100 at Reims. Foulques IV "le Rechin" Comte d'Anjou ceded Château-Landon and Gâtinais to him in 1069, in return for the king's recognition of his accession as count. King Philippe pursued this policy of expanding his territories, adding Corbie in 1074, acquiring part of Vermandois on the death of Raoul Comte de Vermandois in 1074, invading Vexin in 1077, and taking possession of Bourges in 1100. In 1071, after ineffectively helping Arnoul III Count of Flanders against his uncle Robert, the latter made peace with King Philippe and arranged the king's marriage to his stepdaughter. The Historia Regum Francorum Monasterii SSancti Dionysii records the death "apud Milidunum IV Kal Aug" of King Philippe and his burial "in ecclesia sancti Benedicti super Ligerim in pago Aurelianensi". The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés records the death "III Kal Aug" of "Philippus rex Francorum". The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "III Kal Aug" of "Philippus rex".
      Betrothed ([1055/59]) to JUDITH [Maria/Sophia] of Germany, daughter of Emperor HEINRICH III King of Germany & his second wife Agnès de Poitou ([1054]-14 Mar [1092/96], bur Admont Abbey). The Gesta Hungarorum records that King András forced the marriage of "Salomoni regi" and "Henricus imperator…Sophiam suam filiam", specifying that she had earlier been betrothed to "filio regis Franciæ". This could only refer to the future Philippe I King of France as it is unlikely that the emperor's daughter would have been betrothed to his younger brother. This betrothal is not corroborated in the western European primary sources so far consulted.
      m firstly (1072, repudiated 1092) BERTHA of Holland, daughter of FLORIS I Count of Holland & his wife Gertrud of Saxony[-Billung] ([1058]-Montreuil-sur-Mer, Pas-de-Calais 30 Jul 1093). The Liber Modernorum Regum Francorum records the marriage oof "filiam ducis Frisiæ" and "rex Philippus". The Historia Francorum names "filiam Florentii ducis Frisonum Bertam" as wife of King Philippe. The Chronologia Johannes de Beke names (in order) "Theodricum et Florencium…et Machtildim" as childreren of Count Floris & his wife, specifying that "Machtildim" married "Philippus rex Francie" after the death of her father which indicates that "Machtildim" in this text is an error for Bertha. Her marriage was arranged as part of the settlement under which her future husband recognised her stepfather as Count of Flanders. She was repudiated after King Philippe abducted Bertrade de Montfort from her husband, and was sent to Montreuil.
      m secondly (Paris 1092, before 27 Oct) as her second husband, BERTRADE de Montfort, fifth wife of FOULQUES IV “le Réchin” Comte d’Anjou, daughter of SIMON [I] de Montfort-l'Amaury & his wife Agnès d’Evreux (-Fontevrault end-1115/1116, bur churcch of the priory of Hautes-Bruyères, Saint-Rémy-l’Honoré, Yvelines). The De Genere Comitum Flandrensium, Notæ Parisienses names "Fulconi Richin Andegavensi comiti uxorem suam nomine Bertradam" as second wife of King Philippe, specifying that thhe king abducted her from her first husband after repudiating his first wife. William of Tyre records this marriage. Pope Urban II at the Council of Autun excommunicated the king 16 Oct 1094, confirmed at the Council of Clermont 18/28 Nov 10955. The church finally admitted the validity of the marriage after the Council of Paris 2 Dec 1104. Orderic Vitalis alleges that Bertrade tried to poison her stepson Louis so her own sons could succeed to the throne. "Fulco iunior Andegavensium comes Fulconis comitis filius" donated property to the abbey of Fontevraud with the consent of "Bertrade regina matre meo, Philipo fratre meo" by charter dated to [1109/1112/13].
      King Philippe I & his first wife had four children:
      1. CONSTANCE de France ([1078]-14 Sep 1126[224]). The Historia Regum Francorum Monasterii Sancti Dionysii names "Ludovicum regem et filiam unam Constanciam" as children of "Philippus rex [et] uxorem sororem Roberti Flandrensis comitis", specifyfying that Constance married firstly "Hugoni Trecharum comiti", from whom she was separated for consanguinity, and secondly "Boamundo apud Carnotho". Orderic Vitalis confirms her parentage and her two marriages, recording 1106 as the year of her second marriage in an earlier passage. An early sign of possible difficulties in Constance's first marriage is shown by the charter dated 1102 under which "Constantia, Philippi regis Francorum filia…Hugonis comitis Trecensium coniux legitima" donated property to the abbey of Molesme, the suggestion being that the reference to "coniux legitima" indicates that her husband may have had another "unofficial" relationship at this time. "Hugo comes Campanie Teotbaldi comitis filius" donated property to the abbey of Molesme by charter dated 2 Apr 1104, which names "frater meus Odo comes, Constantiam regis Francorum filiam necnon et comitissam Adelaidem uxorem fratris mei comitis Stephani nepotes…" and is subscribed by "Teotbaldus puer filius Stephani comitis nepos huius comitis Hugonis". William of Tyre names her, and her father, when he records her (second) marriage. Suger's Vita Ludovici records the marriage of "Antiochenum principem Boamundum" and "domini Ludovici…sororem Constantiam" at Chartres, mentioning her previous marriage to "comitem Trecensem Hugonem". The Lignages d'Outremer name "Costance la fille le roy de Franche" as wife of "Beymont" son of "Robert Guichart qui conquest Puille". Her seconnd marriage was arranged by Adela Ctss de Blois while Prince Bohémond was in France canvassing support against Byzantium. After her second marriage, she remained with her husband in Apulia and never visited Palestine. She was regent for her son in Italy after the death of her second husband. She claimed the title "Queen" as daughter of the king of France. Constance was imprisoned at Bari by Grimoald Alferanites, who had set himself up as Lord of Bari, but was released in 1120 on the intervention of Roger II Count of Sicily after she agreed to renounce her lordship over the town. m firstly ([1093/95], annulled Soissons 25 Dec 1104 on grounds of consanguinity) as his first wife, HUGUES I de Blois Comte de Troyes, son of THIBAUT III Comte de Blois & his third wife Alix de Crépy-Valois (-Palestine 14 Jun 1126). m secondly (Chartres [25 Mar/26 May] 1106) BOHEMOND I Prince of Antioch, son of ROBERT “Guiscard” Duke of Apulia and Calabria [Sicily] & his first wife Alberada di Buonalberga (1052-Canosa di Puglia, Apulia 6/7 Mar 1111, bur Cathedral of Canosa di Puglia).
      2. LOUIS de France (Paris end 1081-Château Bethizy near Paris 1 Aug 1137, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). The Historia Regum Francorum Monasterii Sancti Dionysii names "Ludovicum regem et filiam unam Constanciam" as children of "Philippus rex [et] uxorem sororem Roberti Flandrensis comitis" He succeeded his father in 1108 as LOUIS VI "le Gros/le Batailleur" King of France.
      3. HENRI de France (1083-young). The Historia Francorum names (in order) "Ludowicum et filiam Constantiam [atque Henricum]" as the children of King Philippe and "filiam Florentii ducis Frisonum Bertam".
      King Philippe I & his second wife had four children:
      4. PHILIPPE de France ([1093]-[2 Sep] after 1133). The Historia Regum Francorum Monasterii Sancti Dionysii names "Philippum et Florum et filiam unam" as children of "Philippus rex [et] Fulconi Rechin Andagavorum comiti uxorem". His parentage is also recorded by Orderic Vitalis. He succeeded as Seigneur de Montlhéry in 1104 by right of his wife. His half-brother installed him as Comte de Mantes and Seigneur de Mehun-sur-Yèvre in [1104]. Suger's Vita Ludovici records the rebellion oof "regis Ludovici Philippus frater" against his brother, supported by "Amalricus de Monte Forti…avunculus eius" and "Fulco comes Andegavensis postea rex Hierosolymitanus frater eius", and the confiscation of his castles of Montlhéry and Mantes. "Fulco iunior Andegavensium comes Fulconis comitis filius" donated property to the abbey of Fontevraud with the consent of "Bertrade regina matre meo, Philipo fratre meo" by charter dated to [1109/1112/13]. The necrology of Saint-Germain L'A'Auxerrois records the death "IV Non Sep" of "Philippus frater Ludovici regis", which may refer to Philippe Comte de Mantes. m (1104) ELISABETH de Montlhéry Dame de Montlhéry, daughter and heiress of GUY [III] “Troussel” Seigneur de Montlhéry et de Chevreuse & his wife Mabile [Adelais] --- (-after 3 Mar 1141). The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.
      5. FLEURI [Florus] de France ([1095]-after 1119). The Historia Regum Francorum Monasterii Sancti Dionysii names "Philippum et Florum et filiam unam" children of "Philippus rex [et] Fulconi Rechin Andagavorum comiti uxorem". His parentage is allso recorded by Orderic Vitalis. Living in Anjou with his mother in 1117. Seigneur de Nangis, by right of his wife. m --- de Nangis, daughter & heiress of --- de Nangis. The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. Fleuri & his wife had one child:
      a) ISABELLE de Nangis ([1118]-). Dame de Nangis. She is named in the cartulary of Preuilly. m ([1136]) ANSEAU de Venizy, daughter of GUERIN de Venizy & his wife Pétronille ---.
      6. CECILE de France ([1097]-after 1145). The Historia Regum Francorum Monasterii Sancti Dionysii names "Philippum et Florum et filiam unam" as children of "Philippus rex [et] Fulconi Rechin Andagavorum comiti uxorem", specifying that the (unnamamed) daughter married "Tanchredus Anthiochenus". Her parentage is recorded by William of Tyre, who also records her two marriages. Her first marriage was arranged while Bohémond I Prince of Antioch was visiting the French court seeking support against Alexios I Emperor of Byzantium. She sailed for Antioch end 1106. While dying, Prince Tancred made Pons de Toulouse promise to marry his wife. Albert of Aix records that "Pons fils de Bertrand de Tripoli" married Tancred's widow, dauughter of the king of France, at Tripoli. William of Tyre refers to the wife of the count of Tripoli as uterine sister of Foulques King of Jerusalem and names her. She claimed Jebail as her dower, but was eventually satisfied with Chastel Rougge and Arzghan. She became Lady of Tarsus and Mamistra, in Cilician Armenia, in 1126. "Cecilia comitissa" donated property for the souls of "domini mei Poncii comitis…et filii mei Raimundi comitis" to the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusaleem by charter dated 1139. m firstly (late 1106) TANCRED Prince of Tiberias, Regent of Antioch, son of ODO [Guillaume] “le Bon” Marquis & his wife Emma de Hauteville (-12 Dec 1112). He succeeded in 1111 as Prince of Antioch. m secondly (Tripoli 1112) PONS Count of Tripoli, son of BERTRAND Comte de Toulouse and Tripoli & his second wife Hélie de Bourgogne [Capet] ([1096]-executed near Pilgrim Castle, near Tripoli Mar 1137).
      7. EUSTACHIE de France (-1143). She and her husband are named by Kerrebrouck who cites no primary source on which this is based. Founded the Abbaye de Yerres. m JEAN Seigneur d'Etampes et de Corbeil, son of HUGUES de Breteuil Seigneur du Puiset et d’Etampes & his wife ---.
      King Philippe had one [probably illegitimate] child [by an unknown mistress]:
      8. EUDES de France (-1096). The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1096 of "Odo frater Ludovici Grossi de alia matre". According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Eudes was the son of King Philippe & his first wife but the primary source on which this is based has not been identified. According to Kerrebrouck, Eudes was the son of King Philippe's second marriage but there seems little time for a third child to have been born to Bertrade de Montfort during the first three years of her marriage. It is therefore more likely that he was an illegitimate son of King Philippe.” [1]
    Person ID I13552  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 16 Apr 2020 

    Father Henry I, King of France,   b. Abt 1010,   d. 4 Aug 1060  (Age ~ 50 years) 
    Mother Anna Iaroslavna 
    Family ID F3988  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Bertha, of Holland,   b. Abt 1058,   d. 30 Jul 1093  (Age ~ 35 years) 
    Married 1072 
    Children 
     1. Constance, de France,   b. 1078,   d. 14 Sep 1126  (Age 48 years)
    +2. Louis VI “le Gros le Batailleur”,   b. 1081,   d. 1 Aug 1137  (Age 56 years)
     3. Henri, de France,   b. 1083
    Last Modified 10 Apr 2016 
    Family ID F4662  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Bertrade, de Montfort 
    Children 
     1. Philippe, de France,   b. 1093,   d. Aft 1133  (Age > 41 years)
     2. Fleuri (Florus), de France
     3. Cecile, de France
     4. Eustachie, de France,   d. 1143
    Last Modified 29 Apr 2020 
    Family ID F5319  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S87] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy., Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Trustees.