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Ranulf I, Count of Poitiers and Duke of Aquitaine

Male 820 - 866  (46 years)


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  • Name Ranulf I  
    Suffix Count of Poitiers and Duke of Aquitaine 
    Born 820 
    Gender Male 
    Died 866 
    Notes 
    • “RAMNULF [Rainulf] ([815]-killed in battle near Brissarthe Oct 866). He was installed as RAINULF I Comte de Poitou in [839]. The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Ramnulfum filium Girardi comitis Arvernis, nepotem Willelmi fratris Girardi" was installed as Comte de Poitou after "Emeno…comes Pictavinus" was expelled from Poitou by Emperor Louis for having supported the accession of Pepin II King of Aquitaine after the death of the latter's father [in 838]. He was installed as Duke of Aquitaine in 852. The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Rannulfus…comes Pictavensis et Raino comes Arbatilicensis consanguineus eius" fled after being defeated by the Vikings at "Briliaco villa", the event being dated from the context to the early 850s. The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence records that "Ramnulfus comes…Pictavensis et Raino comes Arbaticensis, consanguineus eius" fled from the Vikings who attacked "Briliaco villa" in 852. He was a supporter of CCharles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks. The Annales Bertiniani name "Ramnulfus" among those wounded in the Viking attack in 866, and later dying from his wounds. The Adonis Continuatio records that "Robertus quoque atque Ramnulfus…inteer primos ipsi priores" were killed by the Vikings in 866. m [firstly] (after 843) as her third husband, AIGA, widow firstly of Comte IMMO, and secondly of RAOUL Comte de Turenne, daughter of ---. She is named as wife of Raoul in the Cartulaire de Beaulieu in Nov 823, and his widow in Feb 844. "Aigane uxore sua [Rodulfi comitis]" donated property to "ecclesiam S Genesii" with the consent of "prole mea sive Radulfo archiepiscopo…Godafredo comite…Rutberto, Landrico et Immone" by charter dated Feb 844, specifying that it was written "in anno primo obitus…Rodulfi iam dicti". "Rodolfus…episcopus" names "genetrix mea Aiga" in his testament dated Mar 856. The primary source which confirms her third marriage has not yet been identified. 844/56. m [secondly] ([845]) --- du Maine, daughter of RORICO [II] Comte du Maine & his wife Bilechildis. The parentage of the wife of Rainulf I Comte de Poitou is deduced from a text of Abbon which states that Ebles, Abbé de Saint-Denis, was nepos of Gauzlin, son of Rorico [II] Comte du Maine. It is possible that the wife of Comte Rainulf was Comte Rorico's daughter [Bilichildis], whose husband Bernard Comte en Poitou was killed in battle in 844. Comte Rainulf I & his [second] wife had three children:
      i) RAINULF ([845/50]-Paris 890). The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes specifies that "Ramnulfus…comes Pictaviensis" was "consanguineus…Willelmi…comitis Arvernis". The Chronico Richardi Pictavensis also states that "Ramnulfus consanguineus erat Willelmi Pii Aquitanorum Ducis et Arveniæ Comitis". The relationship between Rainulf and Duke Guillaume has not so far been traced. After the death of Rainulf's fatather in 866, he and his brothers were deprived of their inheritance. It appears that no-one was installed as Comte de Poitou, the county being administered by Louis King of Aquitaine, son of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the Franks. He appears to have been finally installed as RAINULF II Comte de Poitou in [878], judging by his heading the list of confirmants of his brother's Apr 878 donation to the church of Saint-Hilaire de Poitiers. After the death of Louis II "le Bègue" King of the West Franks, Comte Rainulf had custody of the late king's youngest son Charles, who later succeeded as Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks. After the deposition of Emperor Karl III in Nov 887, Comte Rainulf claimed the succession to the kingdom of Aquitaine and supported the candidature of Guy of Spoleto as King of the Franks. He was appointed Duke of Aquitaine in 888. The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence records the death in 890 of "Ramnulfus comes Pictavinus". m [ERMENGARDE, daughter of ---] (-1 Jul after 890). The name of the wife of Rainulf II is not known with certainty. "Ermengarde" confirmed the 878 charter of Gauzbert, signing immediately after Gauzbert and his brother Comte Rainulf, from which Richard deduces that she was the wife of one of them. The same author rejects the hypothesis that Adda "coniunx Ramnulf", whose tomb was discovered at Saint-Hilaire de Poitiers, was the wife of Comte Rainulf II. Mistress (1): ---. The name of Comte Rainulf's mistress is not known. Comte Rainulf & his wife had one child:
      (a) RAINULF [III] (-[901]). Rainulf is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln as the legitimate son of Comte Rainulf II but the primary source on which this is based has not so far been identified.
      Comte Rainulf II had one illegitimate son by an unknown Mistress:
      (b) EBALUS [Eble] "Mancer" ([870/75]-934). The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes names "Eblum" as son of "Ramnulfus…comes Pictaviensis", another manuscript specifying that he was born "ex concubina". He succeeded his father in 890 as EBLE "Mancer" Comte de Poitou.”
      ii) GAUZBERT [Josbert] (-killed in battle late 892). Regino names "Ramnulfum et fratrem eius Gozbertum et Ebulonem abbatum de sancto Dionysio" when recording their battle against "Waltgerius comes" in Jul 892. "Comte Josbert" made a donation to the church of Saint-Hilaire de Poitiers in Apr 878. He was killed during the siege of one of his castles by Eudes King of France. The death of "frater quoque eius [Ebulus] Gotbertus" is recorded in late 892 in the Annales Vedastini.
      iii) EBALUS [Eble] (857-killed in battle 2 Oct 892). Regino names "Ramnulfum et fratrem eius Gozbertum et Ebulonem abbatum de sancto Dionysio" when recording their battle against "Waltgerius comes" in Jul 892. Abbé de Saint-Germain, Paris 881. Abbé de Saint-Denis 886. He was appointed Chancellor of France by King Eudes [Capet] after the latter's accession in 888. Abbé de Saint-Hilaire-de-Poitiers 889. King Eudes deprived him of the chancellorship in 892 after Eble refused to abandon the cause of his nephew Comte Eble. He was killed at the siege of the castle either of Brillac en Poitou or of Loudun.”

      From Wikipedia:
      “Ranulf I (also Ramnulf, Rannulf, and Ranulph; 820 – 866) was a Count of Poitiers (from 835) and Duke of Aquitaine (from 852). He is considered a possible son of Gerard, Count of Auvergne, and Hildegard (or Matilda), daughter of Louis the Pious and Ermengard. Few details are known about Ranulf I, except that he died in 866 in Aquitaine from wounds received in the Battle of Brissarthe against the Vikings (in which Robert the Strong also died). Ranulf I, is the 32nd Great-Grandfather to Queen Elizabeth II.
      “He married Bilichild of Maine and they had the following:
      -Ranulf II, who inherited Poitou and later acquired Aquitaine.”««s87»» [1]
    Person ID I13287  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 12 May 2019 

    Father Gerard, Comte d’Auvergne,   d. 25 Jun 841 
    Mother ? 
    Family ID F4779  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Bilichild, of Maine 
    Children 
    +1. Ranulf II, Count of Poitou and Duke of Aquitaine,   b. 850,   d. 5 Aug 890  (Age 40 years)
    Last Modified 12 May 2019 
    Family ID F4550  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S87] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy., Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Trustees.