Connected Bloodlines

Géza, Prince of the Magyars

Male 945 - 997  (52 years)


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  • Name Géza  
    Suffix Prince of the Magyars 
    Born 940/45 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1 Feb 997 
    Notes 
    • “GÉZA, son of TAKSONY Prince of Hungary & his wife --- [Pss of the Kumans] ([940/45]-1 Feb 997). The Gestis Hungarorum Liber names "Geysam, quantum ducem Hungarie" as son of "dux Tocsun". He succeeded his father in [970] as Prince of Hungary. He sent ambassadors to the court of Emperor Otto I King of Germany, with whom he established friendly relations. Géza was baptised in 974 as ISTVÁN [Stephen] by priests sent by Pilgrim Bishop of Passau, although he appears to have adopted Christianity more for political expediency than religious conviction as he never renounced his pagan beliefs entirely. He continued to use his pre-baptismal name Géza. He centralised Magyar government, based at Esztergom, where his bodyguard connsisted of Bavarian knights. The alliance with Bavaria was confirmed after the accession in 985 of Duke Heinrich II, and sealed by the marriage of Duke Heinrich's daughter to Géza's heir in 996. Thietmar names "Deuvix" as father of King István, describing him as "very cruel…when becoming a Christian…he turned his rage against his reluctant subjects [and] sacrificed both to the omnipotent God and to various false gods. When reproached by his priest for doing so, he maintained that the practice had brought him great wealth and power". The Chronicon Posoniense records the death in 998 of "Geyza princeps Ungarorum".
      m firstly ([967], repudiated shortly after 975) SAROLT of Transylvania, daughter of GYULA Prince of Transylvania & his wife --- ([954]-after 988). The Gestis Hungarorum Liber names "una…Caroldu et altera Saroltu" as the two daughters of "Geula", specifying that the Sarolt was mother of "sancti regis Stephani". Thietmar names "Beleknegini, the name means beautiful lady in Slavonic" as wife of "Deuvix", commenting that she "drank immoderately and rode a horse like a warrior" adding that "once in a fit of anger she killed a man". The primary source which confirms her name and parentage has not so far been identified. She had been baptised into the Orthodox faith by Bishop Hierotheos at her father's court. Her marriage may have been arranged by her father to build an alliance against the more powerful Bulgars.
      m secondly ([985]) as her second husband, ADELAJDA [Adleta] of Poland, widow of his brother MIHÁLY of Hungary Duke between March and Gran, daughter of [ZIEMOMYSŁ Duke in Poland & his wife Gorka] ([950/60]-after 997). This marriage may have been arranged in accordance with the Magyar tradition that the oldest male relative should marry the widow of a deceased relative (originally polygamously) and take care of his children. The primary source which confirms this marriage has not so far been identified.
      Prince Géza & his first wife had four children:
      1. [daughter ([969]-after 987). Thietmar records that Boleslaw of Poland married "a Hungarian woman" after repudiating his first wife but "also sent her away"[263]. The primary source which confirms her parentage has not so far been identified, but it is chronologically plausible for her to have been the daughter of Prince Géza. This marriage probably ended because of the deterioration in political relations between Poland and Hungary. m (end 985, divorced [986/87]) as his second wife, BOLESŁAW of Poland, son of MIESZKO I Prince of Poland & his second wife Dobrava [Dobroslawa] of Bohemia ([967]-17 Jun 1025). He succeeded his father in 992 as BOLESŁAW I "Chrobry/the Brave" Prince of Poland. He declared himself King of Poland in 1024.]
      2. [daughter ([971]-). Her origin is suggested by her supposed son Günther the monk being shown as nepos of István King of Hungary in Europäische Stammtafeln. According to the late 11th century Vita Guntheri, Günther was (less precisely) "Stepphani regis Ungarorum, ipsius venerabilis viri cognati"[266]. According to Kosztolnyik, it was after visiting the court of King István that Günther decided to become a hermit, which seems to exclude the possibility that his mother was the king's sister. It should be remembered that the early 11th century witnessed an influx of foreign monks into Hungary, invited to convert the population to Christianity, a process which may have been favoured by creating propaganda about supposed relationships between these foreigners and the king. m (shortly before 985) [SIZZO] Graf in Thuringia & his wife ---.]
      3. daughter ([973]-after 988). The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not so far been identified. m (987, repudiated 988) as his first wife, GAVRIIL RADOMIR of the Bulgarians, son of SAMUIL Tsar of the Bulgarians & his wife Agatha Chryselia (-murdered Autumn 1015). He succeeded his father in 1014 as GAVRIIL RADOMIR Tsar of the Bulgarians.
      4. VAJK (Esztergom [967/75]-Buda 15 Aug 1038, bur Székesfehérvár). The Gesta Hungarorum records the birth in 967 of "Geicha dux [filium] regem Stephanum"[268]. He was baptised as ISTVÁN [Stephen]. He succeeded his father 997 as Prince of Hungary. István received a royal crown from Pope Sylvester II and was crowned ISTVÁN I King of Hungary 25 Dec 1000 or 1 Jan 1001.
      Prince Géza & his second wife had [three] children:
      5. daughter ([987]-). Her parentage is established by the Gesta Hungarorum which names "comitem…Aba, sororium sancti regis Stephani" when recording that he was installed as king after the first deposition of King Péter. Chronology suggests that she was the daughter of Prince Géza's second marriage but the primary source which confirms this has not so far been identified. m SHABA [leader of the Kabars], son of ---. Comes palatii [Palatine][270] of King István in 1001. Shaba & his wife had one known child:
      a) ABA (-murdered Feldebrö [Jul/Aug] 1044, bur Sáros Abbey). His ancestry is indicated by the Gestis Hungarorum Liber which records that "dux Arpad" gave large territories to "Edunec et Edumernec" in "silva Matra", where "Pota nepos eorum" later built a castle, and that "rex Samuel…qui pro sua pietate Oba vocabatur" was descended from him. He was baptised SÁMUEL. He succeeded in 1041 as SÁMUEL King of Hungary, after deposing his first cousin King Péter. The Chronicon Posoniense rececords that "Petrus rex" was expelled in 1041 and replaced by "Abba". The Annalium Hildesheimensium records that King Péter was expelled and fled to Heinrich III King of Germany, while the Hungarians chose "Ovonem" as king. The Gesta Hungarorum names "comitem…Aba, sororium sancti regis Stephani" when recording that he was installed as king after the first deposition of King Péter. A violent man, he was, like his predecessor, faced with internal opposition. In 1044, troops from Emperor Heinrich III invaded Hungary and defeated King Sámuel at Ménfö near Györ 5 Jul 1044. The Chronicon Posoniense records that "Abba rex" was killed in 1044 and that "Petrus rex" was restored. The Gesta Hungarorum records that ex-king Péter "ccum Henrico cæsare" marched against King Aba in the third year of his reign, the latter counter-attacking against Austria and Carinthia. The Gesta records that the Germans invaded Hungary and defeated King Aba at Ménfő, after which the king fleled towards the river Tisza and was strangled "in an old storeroom". The Chronicon of Bernold records that "Ovonem cum uxore et filiis" were executed by King Petár in 1044. The Aba family in Hungary descended from King Sámuel. m ---. The name of King Sámuel Aba's wife is not known.
      6. daughter ([989]-1026). Her parentage is confirmed by Herimannus who names "Petrum, sororis suæ [=Stephanus Ungariorum rex] filium, de Venetia natum" when recording his accession in 1038. Chronology suggests that she was the daughter of Prinnce Géza's second marriage but the primary source which confirms this has not so far been identified. Her marriage is confirmed by the Gesta Hungarorum which names "Petrum Venetum filium sororis suæ…cuius pater dux fuerat Venetorum" as successor to King István. As Pietro Orseolo was Doge from 1009 to the early 1020s, he is the only possible Venetian ruler to whom this can relate, although the primary source which specifically proves his marriage has not so far been identified. m (1009) PIETRO OTTONE Orseolo, son of PIETRO Orseolo II Doge of Venice & his wife Maria --- ([989]-Constantinople 1031).
      7. [daughter . She is shown in Europäische Stammtafeln as the possible daughter of Prince Géza by his second marriage but the basis for this speculation is not known. She became a nun as SCHOLASTICA. Abbess of Somlóvàsárhely.]”««s87»» [1]
    Person ID I12593  Lowell&Block
    Last Modified 24 Oct 2018 

    Father Taksony 
    Mother ?, of the Kumans 
    Family ID F4330  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Sarolt, of Transylvania,   b. Abt 954,   d. Aft 988  (Age ~ 35 years) 
    Children 
     1. ?
     2. ?
     3. ?
    +4. István I (St. Stephen), King of Hungary
    Last Modified 24 Oct 2018 
    Family ID F4326  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Adelajda (Adleta), of Poland 
    Children 
     1. ?
     2. ?
     3. Scholastica, Abbess of Somlóvàsárhely
    Last Modified 24 Oct 2018 
    Family ID F4784  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S87] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy., Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Trustees.